Table of Contents
- Message from the Chair and the Chief Executive Officer
- Corporate Profile
- Accountability and Operations Frameworks
- Corporate Governance
- Organization Chart
- Goals and Strategic Directions
- Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Operations and Performance
- Summary of Performance
- Goal: Improving Client Access and Engagement
- Goal: Assessing and Proactively Pursuing New Opportunities
- Goal: State-of-the-Art Curriculum and Delivery
- Goal: Enhanced Organizational Effectiveness
- Analysis of Financial Performance
- Appendix A: Independent Auditor’s Report
©2022 Queen’s Printer for Ontario ISBN 978-1-4868-6259-7 2021–22 Annual Report, Walkerton Clean Water Centre: ISSN
Message from the Chair and the Chief Executive Officer
The Walkerton Clean Water Centre (the Centre), in pursuit of its vision to become an accessible centre of excellence in one water,
continued to strengthen its programs to provide education, training, information and advice to drinking water professionals across
Ontario over the course of the 2021–22 fiscal year.
During the past year, the Centre continued to provide support to water professionals in First Nations communities. Three sessions of
Entry-Level Course for Drinking Water Operators for First Nations, three virtual sessions of Managing Drinking Water Systems in First
Nations Communities and two virtual sessions of specialized courses were delivered to help support the improvement of water in First
The Centre also continued to develop and deliver mandatory training on behalf of the Ministry of the Environment, Conservation and
Parks (the Ministry) and specialized training for drinking water professionals across Ontario. Classroom, correspondence and virtual
courses were successfully delivered to 6,727 participants in more than 380 course sessions. Almost 70 per cent of these were delivered
virtually to safely meet the needs of drinking water professionals. The Centre successfully introduced three new courses: Distribution
Fundamentals: Maintaining Water Stability; Working with Pressurized Equipment; and Responsibilities Under the Statutory Standard of
Care — Safe Drinking Water Act. The Centre also completed updates to 12 existing courses, optimizing them for virtual delivery.
The Centre’s Technology Demonstration Facility served as a platform for pilot testing services. Eight pilot testing projects were
completed and seven more were underway at the end of the year to provide site-specific information on source water quality,
treatment performance and alternative treatment technologies. Technical tours were provided to 87 individuals to share information
about the equipment and operational requirements necessary to ensure that water is safe. The Centre also produced 13 publications
during the 2021–22 fiscal year to help enhance knowledge transfer and share information throughout the water industry.
We would like to take this opportunity to acknowledge all of those who contributed to the Centre’s continued success: the Ministry
who provided assistance and financial support; the Board of Directors who oversaw the Centre’s operations; the Centre staff who
were dedicated to fulfilling our mission; and the drinking water professionals whose hard work safeguarded Ontario’s water
Chair, Board of Directors
|Brian Bates, M.B.A., B.Sc.
Chief Executive Officer
The Centre, a board-governed operational service agency of the Government of Ontario, was established in October 2004 in response
to Associate Chief Justice Dennis O’Connor’s recommendations in the Report of the Walkerton Inquiry. The Centre coordinates and
provides education, training and information to drinking water system owners, operators, operating authorities and the public, across
The Centre aims to meet the needs of drinking water professionals by delivering a comprehensive range of training across Ontario.
This includes specialized courses and the three mandatory courses required for certification in Ontario – Entry-Level Course for
Drinking Water Operators; Operation of Small Drinking Water Systems; and Mandatory Certificate Renewal Course (2021-2023) – which
are administered and delivered by the Centre on behalf of the Ministry. The Centre also collaborates with the Province on initiatives
to improve water in First Nations communities.
The Technology Demonstration Facility, with its laboratory and water treatment and distribution technologies, facilitates hands-on
training and pilot testing providing education, information and advice on water treatment and distribution technologies, operational
requirements and environmental issues related to water.
A Helpline and Drinking Water Resource Library help improve the understanding of common drinking water issues. The Helpline
allows clients and the public to contact the Centre with technical questions related to drinking water treatment, operational
requirements or environmental factors. Knowledgeable staff respond to questions free of charge. The Drinking Water Resource
Library is an online library containing more than 5,000 Centre-vetted resources on topics of importance to water professionals.
The Centre assesses research gaps and needs and may sponsor research that contributes to its objects.
To educate and support clients as they manage their water systems to safeguard water resources.
To become an accessible “Centre of Excellence in One Water”.
Ontario Regulation 304/04, made under the Development Corporations Act, defines the Centre’s objects, which the Centre delivers
independently or in conjunction with other organizations:
- To co-ordinate and deliver education and training for owners, operators and operating authorities of drinking water systems.
- To provide information, education and advice to owners, operators and operating authorities of drinking water systems and to
the public about,
- the treatment of water necessary to ensure that drinking water is safe,
- the equipment and technology used to ensure that drinking water is safe,
- the operational requirements necessary to ensure that drinking water is safe, and
- other environmental issues related to drinking water.
to achieve and maintain safe drinking water.
as set out in any agreement with the Minister.
Accountability and Operations Frameworks
The Centre is governed by Ontario Regulation 304/04, made under the Development Corporations Act, the Centre’s bylaw, and a
Memorandum of Understanding between the Minister and the Centre. The Centre is committed to public transparency and
accountability to the people of Ontario, and it achieves its objects from within the bounds of all applicable acts, regulations, policies
In accordance with Ontario Regulation 304/04, and the Agencies and Appointments Directive, the Centre must submit an annual
report, which includes the Centre’s audited financial statements and is part of the Centre’s accountability structure. The Centre
submits the report to the Minister, who tables it in the Ontario legislature. Subsequently, the report is posted in English and French
on the Centre’s website, wcwc.ca.
The Agencies and Appointments Directive also requires the Centre to prepare an annual business plan. During the 2021–22 fiscal
year, the Board of Directors oversaw the development and implementation of a new three-year business plan, which included a
review of risks, performance measures and outcomes.
The Board of Directors is responsible for ensuring that there is an annual external audit of the Centre’s operations and financial
transactions as required by both Ontario Regulation 304/04 and the Memorandum of Understanding. The annual audit was
completed by BDO Canada LLP and is subject to review by the Office of the Auditor General of Ontario. In addition, the Ministry
reviews the Centre’s operations at least once every three years and the Minister may request an additional audit at any time.
In addition to this accountability framework, the Centre is responsible for developing and implementing policies and procedures to
ensure the transparency and accountability of its operations.
The Lieutenant Governor in Council, on the advice of the Minister, appoints the Centre’s Board of Directors, comprised of up to 12
members. Members hold office for terms of up to three years and are eligible for reappointment for successive terms. The Board of
Directors is accountable to the Ontario legislature through the Minister and, under the leadership of the Chair, is responsible for
overseeing the management of the Centre’s operations. The Board of Directors met regularly during the 2021–22 fiscal year and
attended two three-hour virtual training sessions, Indigenous Awareness and Indigenous Relations, delivered by Indigenous Corporate
Training Inc. Individuals who served on the Board of Directors during the 2021–22 fiscal year included:
|Mike Smith, Chair
Member since: August 29, 2019
Current term: August 29, 2019–August 28, 2022
Total 2021–22 remuneration: $4,800.00
Member since: May 6, 2021
Current term: May 6, 2021–May 5, 2024
Total 2021–22 remuneration: $3,300.00
|Lorri Bova, M.Eng., P.Eng.
Member since: February 8, 2018
Current term: May 20, 2021–May 19, 2022
Total 2021–22 remuneration: $1,650.00
Member since: November 28, 2019
Current term: November 28, 2019–November 27, 2022
Total 2021–22 remuneration: $2,475.00
Member since: March 21, 2018
Current term: April 1, 2021–February 9, 2022
Total 2021–22 remuneration: $1,512.50
|Andrew Henry, P.Eng.
Member since: May 6, 2015
Current term: May 6, 2020–May 5, 2023
Total 2021–22 remuneration: $3,437.50
Member since: January 7, 2021
Current term: January 7, 2021–January 6, 2024
Total 2021–22 remuneration: $1,512.50
|Kimberly Mitchell, P.Eng.
Member since: May 6, 2021
Current term: May 6, 2021–May 5, 2024
Total 2021–22 remuneration: $2,200.00
Member since: May 13, 2021
Current term: May 13, 2021–May 12, 2024
Total 2021–22 remuneration: $2,200.00
|Delbert (Deb) Shewfelt
Member since: April 10, 2013
Current term: April 10, 2020–April 9, 2023
Total 2021–22 remuneration: $3,437.50
|Stephen Spitzig, CPA, CMA
Member since: October 12, 2004
Current term: November 5, 2019–November 4, 2022
Total 2021–2022 remuneration: $2,475.00
Member since: May 27, 2021
Current term: May 27, 2021–May 26, 2024
Total 2021–22 remuneration: $1,375.00
As of March 31, 2022
Goals and Strategic Directions
The Centre’s three-year business plan outlines its direction for the future, while making the best use of available resources to deliver
on its goals. During the 2021–22 fiscal year, the Centre strengthened existing programs and developed new initiatives to help ensure
safe drinking water across Ontario. This annual report describes the Centre’s progress towards reaching these goals:
- Improving client access and engagement
- Assessing and proactively pursuing new opportunities
- State-of-the-art curriculum and delivery
- Enhanced organizational effectiveness
Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Operations and Performance
The COVID-19 pandemic continued to impact the world over the course of the 2021–22 fiscal year, and the Centre was not immune.
Although the Centre continued to modify some of its services in response to the pandemic, it was able to serve its clients through
virtual and in-person training, pilot testing services, the Drinking Water Resource Library and the Helpline.
Where possible, training for operators of First Nations water systems was delivered virtually. Three sessions of Managing Drinking
Water Systems in First Nations Communities were delivered virtually, meeting the target set for the year; however, the Centre had
also set a target to deliver four specialized course sessions. Due to restricted access to First Nations communities, the Centre was
only able to deliver two sessions. Both were well-received by participants.
Restrictions associated with the COVID-19 pandemic led to fewer training participants than expected during the 2021–22 fiscal year.
Although virtual training sessions, introduced in May 2020, continued to be very popular, classroom sessions did not return to prepandemic
levels. Through dedicated efforts, and following stringent safety protocols, the Centre successfully provided training to
6,727 participants through both classroom and virtual training options, 13 per cent less than its target. It is expected that the number
of training participants will return to pre-pandemic levels during the 2022–23 fiscal year as the demand for in-person training options
The temporary closure of the Technology Demonstration Facility to the public impacted the number of technical tours provided
during the 2021–22 fiscal year. The shift toward virtual training led to fewer visitors to the Technology Demonstration Facility. The
Centre was also unable to host its annual celebration of World Water Day for local school children, which usually attracts
approximately 500 guests. The program offering three days of hands-on training to postsecondary students enrolled in Ontario
colleges that offer Entry-Level Course for Drinking Water Operators was also adversely impacted. Five planned sessions were cancelled
due to the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic.
Although many Centre initiatives were modified due to the ongoing pandemic, the Centre continued to provide valuable services in
a safe and accessible manner.
Summary of Performance
The 2021–22 mandate letter from the Minister to the board Chair set out expectations for the Centre to focus on:
- Coordinating and delivering a comprehensive range of high-quality education and training across Ontario, with a focus on
addressing drinking water system vulnerabilities.
- Delivering relevant training to operators of First Nations drinking water systems throughout the province and supporting
initiatives that contribute to the improvement of drinking water for First Nations communities.
- Making programs available to First Nations managers and community leadership.
- Providing the information and advice to clients provincewide that is necessary to help ensure that drinking water is safe.
- Assessing research gaps and needs and, when required, collaborating on high-priority research into activities related to the
In response to the mandate letter, the Centre provided education and training to drinking water systems owners, operators,
operating authorities and the public. A range of high-quality mandatory and specialized training was delivered to 6,727 participants
across Ontario. This includes the three mandatory courses required for certification in Ontario – Entry-Level Course for Drinking Water
Operators; Operation of Small Drinking Water Systems; and Mandatory Certificate Renewal Course (2021-2023) – which are
administered and delivered by the Centre on behalf of the Ministry. Since its inception, the Centre has provided training to more than
The Centre supported operators and managers of First Nations drinking water systems and elected political leaders through the
delivery of three sessions of both Entry-Level Course for Drinking Water Operators for First Nations and Managing Drinking Water
Systems in First Nations Communities, as well as two specialized course sessions.
Information and advice were provided to clients through pilot testing services, the Helpline and the Drinking Water Resource Library.
Eight pilot projects were completed for clients across Ontario, which provided information on source water quality, treatment
performance and alternative treatment technologies. The Helpline and the Drinking Water Resource Library helped to improve
clients’ understanding of common water issues.
Goal: Improving Client Access and Engagement
Performance Indicator: Support for Operators of First Nations Water Systems
Funded by the Ministry, the Centre and its collaborator, Keewaytinook Okimakanak, delivered three sessions of Entry-Level Course
for Drinking Water Operators for First Nations. Each session was a two-week initiative with one week of supervised self-study and one
week of hands-on training. The curriculum was tailored specifically to the experience of operators in First Nations communities and
training was provided at no cost to participants.
The Centre also delivered three virtual sessions of Managing Drinking Water Systems in First Nations Communities. These sessions
provided information related to the components of effective water system management, resources and practical tools for Chiefs
and councils, managers and supervisors responsible for water systems.
Two virtual specialized course sessions were also coordinated and delivered to operators of First Nations water systems. Going
forward, the Centre will continue to provide training to contribute to the improvement of drinking water in First Nations
Performance Indicator: Publications
Following is a summary of the publications released during the fiscal year:
Technical presentations at Ontario’s Water Conference & Trade Show, April 2021
- Practical Reduction of Arsenic from Groundwater – Two Towns with Two Different Solutions.
- Reducing Chlorinated Disinfection By-Products in Drinking Water: Pilot Testing Experiences in Ontario First Nation
- The Reduction of Organics and Disinfection By-Products in Red Rock Indian Band’s Drinking Water Supply.
Pilot project reports posted on the Drinking Water Resource Library
- A Study to Investigate Alternative Secondary Disinfection Methods and Disinfection By-Product Formation in the Community’s
Drinking Water Supply.
- A Study to Monitor and Reduce Disinfection By-Products in a First Nation’s Drinking Water Supply.
- A Study to Reduce Disinfection By-Products in a First Nation Community’s Drinking Water Supply.
- Chloride Sulfate Mass Ratio Bench-Scale Testing.
- Chlorine Demand and Decay and Simulated Distribution System Disinfection By-Product Testing for a Large Municipal
Residential System in Ontario.
- Coagulant Review Bench-Scale Testing.
- Effect of Chlorine Detention Times on Disinfection By-Products.
- Optimizing Regeneration Process of Greensand Filtration to Reduce Disinfection By-Products.
- Reducing Disinfection By-Product Precursors to Control Trihalomethanes in a Large Municipal Residential Drinking Water
- Reduction of Iron and Hydrogen Sulfide from a Well System Using Oxidation and Filtration.
Going forward, the Centre will continue to make information available through various channels, including publications, fact sheets,
technical presentations and the Drinking Water Resource Library, to improve knowledge transfer and support the individuals who
help keep Ontario’s drinking water safe.
Goal: Assessing and Proactively Pursuing New Opportunities
Performance Indicator: Pilot Testing Services
Through pilot projects, the Centre provides information on source water quality, treatment performance and alternative treatment
technologies for clients across Ontario as they address site-specific challenges. The following pilot projects were completed during
the fiscal year:
- A water distribution system with a long detention time experienced occurrences of N-nitrosodimethylamine, a disinfection byproduct.
The Centre conducted bench-scale experiments and on-site sampling to assess N-nitrosodimethylamine formation
potential and control strategies for the client.
- Bench-scale testing to assess disinfection by-product formation at increasing detention times and pilot testing of different
treatment strategies to remove disinfection by-product precursors, with a focus on bromide, were conducted for a client
experiencing increased levels of disinfection by-products in treated water.
- Chlorine decay and simulated distribution system disinfection by-product bench-scale testing was completed for a client.
- Chlorine decay bench-scale testing was conducted at the request of a client who was considering increased reservoir storage
volume, which may increase water age. Experiments were completed on-site.
- Coagulant review bench-scale testing was completed as an extension to a previous pilot project completed by the Centre.
- High levels of arsenic requiring treatment were present in a client’s water system. Bench-scale and on-site pilot experiments to
address arsenic reduction were completed for the client.
- Increased levels of disinfection by-products were present in a water treatment system. The Centre completed bench- and pilotscale
testing to investigate the effect of chlorine and potassium permanganate on greensand regeneration and disinfection byproduct
- Source water high in dissolved organics was leading to high levels of disinfection by-products in a client’s treated water. The
Centre completed bench-scale testing of two types of granular activated carbon so the client could address the elevated levels
of disinfection by-products.
Clients who participate in pilot projects can use the results to engage further with professional engineering firms and consultants to
address site-specific vulnerabilities. Results may also contribute to the Centre’s development of new courses or be used to improve
existing training. Results are also shared through conference presentations, articles in industry publications, technical fact sheets and
pilot project reports, which are posted on the Drinking Water Resource Library.
During the 2021–22 fiscal year, several upgrades were completed at the Technology Demonstration Facility and laboratory to allow
the Centre to expand its pilot testing services. These additions helped the Centre better serve the needs of Ontario’s communities as
they looked to optimize and improve their drinking water systems:
- A rapid small-scale column test was purchased to allow staff to quantify contaminant treatment and estimate the adsorption
capacity of media in less time while using much less water. Using a scaled filter bed with ground down media, the long-term
treatment effectiveness and lifespan of filter media can be estimated.
- An investment in a new incubator and refrigerator have made it possible to store more water samples at precise temperatures,
accurately mimicking real-world conditions for simulated distribution system testing.
- An ion chromatography machine, capable of testing 15 water quality parameters, was installed to provide significant time and
cost savings while yielding more precise results. Previously, the Centre had performed traditional wet chemistry tests for some
of these parameters and outsourced others.
- Stirred cell test units to enable proof-of-concept testing on ultrafiltration, nanofiltration, and reverse osmosis membranes
were purchased. Stirred cells are scaled membrane filtration systems used for bench-scale testing. These units use pressurized
nitrogen gas to move sample water through the membrane.
Goal: State-of-the-Art Curriculum and Delivery
Performance Indicator: Training Participants
|Course||Participants 2019–20 Fiscal Year||Participants 2020–21 Fiscal Year||Participants 2021–22 Fiscal Year||Three-year Cumulative Total|
|Entry-Level Course for Drinking Water Operators||341 *||223 *||333 *||897 *|
|Safe Drinking Water Operator Essentials (classroom)||792||— **||— **||792|
|Safe Drinking Water Operator Essentials (correspondence)||259||358||— **||617|
|Mandatory Certificate Renewal Course (2021-2023) (classroom)||— **||914||1,560||2,474|
|Mandatory Certificate Renewal Course (2021-2023) (correspondence)||— **||— **||526||526|
|Operation of Small Drinking Water Systems (correspondence)||667||653||629||1,949|
|Operation of Small Drinking Water Systems (online)||807||966||807||2,580|
|Operation of Small Drinking Water Systems (classroom)||34||0||0||34|
|SUBTOTAL: MANDATORY COURSES||2,900||3,114||3,855||9,869|
|Responsibilities Under the Statutory Standard of Care — Safe Drinking Water Act||641||18||85||744|
|Municipal Drinking Water Licensing Program (classroom)||208||76||266||550|
|SUBTOTAL: NON-MANDATORY COURSES||3,695||1,742||2,872||8,309|
* Includes participants in Entry-Level Course for Drinking Water Operators for First Nations.
** This summary illustrates the transition from the mandatory certificate renewal course, Safe Drinking Water Operator Essentials, to Mandatory Certificate
Renewal Course (2021-2023), which was launched January 1, 2021. Operators require this mandatory course to renew their certification every three years.
Performance Indicator: Hands-on Courses
During the 2021–22 fiscal year, the Centre continued to offer a variety of specialized training. Due to restrictions associated with the
COVID-19 pandemic, the Centre temporarily shifted its focus from hands-on training and instead introduced three new courses that
could be offered through virtual delivery. In addition to the new courses, the Centre made significant updates to 12 existing courses,
optimizing them for virtual delivery. Sixty-two virtual sessions and 15 classroom sessions of these courses were delivered.
The Centre also continued to offer a variety of courses designed specifically for the owners and operators of small drinking water
systems, such as Advanced for Small Drinking Water Systems, Basics for Small Drinking Water Systems, Best Practices for Small Systems
and Small System Fundamentals.
Support for 36 students from four Ontario colleges was also provided through hands-on training in the Technology Demonstration
Facility. These students were each enrolled in one of the Ontario colleges that deliver the Ministry’s mandatory Entry-Level Course
for Drinking Water Operators as part of their curriculum. Five more sessions were planned but cancelled due to the COVID-19
Performance Indicator: Technical Tours of the Technology Demonstration Facility
The Centre’s Technology Demonstration Facility reflects the variety of water treatment and distribution technologies used in
Ontario. The temporary closure of the facility to the public due to the COVID-19 pandemic impacted the Centre’s activities, and
during the 2021–22 fiscal year, 87 individuals received technical tours focussing on the equipment and operational requirements
necessary to ensure that drinking water is safe. It is expected that the number of technical tours will return to pre-pandemic levels
during the 2022–23 year due to increased in-person training and events.
Goal: Enhanced Organizational Effectiveness
Performance Indicator: Training Quality – Quality Assurance Index
The Centre — committed to training excellence and continuous improvement — maintains a quality assurance index to monitor the
satisfaction of training participants. The score is calculated from participants’ course evaluations that rate instructors, course content
and overall course satisfaction.
The quality assurance index for the 2021–22 fiscal year was 0.946 out of a possible 1.000. The quality assurance index indicates that,
for all courses combined, 94.6 per cent of survey respondents provided an overall course rating of good or excellent from the options:
very poor; poor; fair; good; and excellent.
A number of other factors also contribute to the Centre’s high-quality training:
- Instructors are required to pass a two-day train-the-trainer workshop that includes a practical evaluation of their ability to deliver training.
- Participant feedback forms are collected after every training session and compiled to provide a rating for each session.
- New curricula are developed based on input from a range of sources, including training participants and industry standards.
The Centre will continue to uphold training quality standards and measure its performance through the quality assurance index.
Analysis of Financial Performance
Responsibility for Financial Information
The Board of Directors and Centre management are responsible for the financial performance of the Centre. The Board of Directors
reviewed and approved the financial statements and all information presented in this annual report.
BDO Canada LLP audited the Centre’s financial statements for the 2021–22 fiscal year. The chartered accountant’s responsibility is to express an opinion on whether the financial statements are fairly presented in accordance with public sector accounting standards. The auditor’s report outlined the scope of the firm’s examination and opinion.
The Board of Directors’ Finance and Audit Committee met with the external auditor to review any issues that needed to be identified in the audit and reviewed the audited financial statements and the external auditor’s report.
During the 2021–22 fiscal year, the Centre generated revenues of $2,298,919, an increase of approximately 56 per cent from the
previous fiscal year. This increase resulted from a return to a more typical number of training participants and associated training
registration fees once a wide variety of virtual courses were available and restrictions associated with the COVID-19 pandemic had
been lifted. This increase in training participants applied to both mandatory and specialized courses.
The Centre also received a transfer payment from the Government of Ontario of $3,000,000 during the 2021–22 fiscal year.
Total expenditures for the 2021–22 fiscal year were $5,629,496, an increase of approximately nine per cent from the 2020–21 fiscal
year. This increase can be attributed to two major contributors. The first is the increase in training expenses by 33 percent, which was
expected due to increased training volume. The second contributor was a one-time payment of $191,999 to Ontario Infrastructure
and Lands Corporation for the purchase of an adjacent property that will allow the Centre room to expand in the future.
The Centre continues to use internal financial management controls to regulate overall expenditures.
The Centre continues to be in a strong financial position. The March 31, 2022 net asset balance of $7,636,799 will enable the Centre
to continue to contribute to water education, training and pilot testing across Ontario, and plan effectively for future initiatives.
Appendix A: Independent Auditor’s Report
Walkerton Clean Water Centre Financial Statements
For the year ended March 31, 2022
|BDO Canada LLP
121 Jackson Street
PO Box 760
Walkerton ON N0G 2V0 Canada
To the Directors of Walkerton Clean Water Centre
We have audited the financial statements of the Walkerton Clean Water Centre (the Entity),
which comprise the statement of financial position as at March 31, 2022 and the statements of
changes in net assets, operations and cash flows for the year then ended, and notes to the
financial statements, including a summary of significant accounting policies.
In our opinion, the accompanying financial statements present fairly, in all material respects,
the financial position of the Entity as at March 31, 2022, and its results of operations and its
cash flows for the year then ended in accordance with Canadian public sector accounting
Basis for Opinion
We conducted our audit in accordance with Canadian generally accepted auditing standards.
Our responsibilities under those standards are further described in the Auditor’s Responsibilities
for the Audit of the Financial Statements section of our report. We are independent of the
Entity in accordance with the ethical requirements that are relevant to our audit of the
financial statements in Canada, and we have fulfilled our other ethical responsibilities in
accordance with these requirements. We believe that the audit evidence we have obtained is
sufficient and appropriate to provide a basis for our opinion.
Responsibilities of Management and Those Charged with Governance for the Financial
Management is responsible for the preparation and fair presentation of these financial
statements in accordance with Canadian public sector accounting standards, and for such
internal control as management determines is necessary to enable the preparation of financial
statements that are free from material misstatement, whether due to fraud or error.
In preparing the financial statements, management is responsible for assessing the Entity’s
ability to continue as a going concern, disclosing, as applicable, matters related to going
concern and using the going concern basis of accounting unless management either intends to
liquidate the Entity or to cease operations, or has no realistic alternative but to do so.
Those charged with governance are responsible for overseeing the Entity’s financial reporting
Auditor’s Responsibilities for the Audit of the Financial Statements
Our objectives are to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements as a
whole are free from material misstatement, whether due to fraud or error, and to issue an
auditor’s report that includes our opinion. Reasonable assurance is a high level of assurance,
but is not a guarantee that an audit conducted in accordance with Canadian generally accepted
auditing standards will always detect a material misstatement when it exists. Misstatements
can arise from fraud or error and are considered material if, individually or in the aggregate,
they could reasonably be expected to influence the economic decisions of users taken on the
basis of these financial statements.
As part of an audit in accordance with Canadian generally accepted auditing standards, we
exercise professional judgment and maintain professional skepticism throughout the audit. We
- Identify and assess the risks of material misstatement of the financial statements,
whether due to fraud or error, design and perform audit procedures responsive to those
risks, and obtain audit evidence that is sufficient and appropriate to provide a basis for
our opinion. The risk of not detecting a material misstatement resulting from fraud is
higher than for one resulting from error, as fraud may involve collusion, forgery,
intentional omissions, misrepresentations, or the override of internal control.
- Obtain an understanding of internal control relevant to the audit in order to design
audit procedures that are appropriate in the circumstances, but not for the purpose of
expressing an opinion on the effectiveness of the Entity’s internal control.
- Evaluate the appropriateness of accounting policies used and the reasonableness of
accounting estimates and related disclosures made by management.
- Conclude on the appropriateness of management’s use of the going concern basis of
accounting and, based on the audit evidence obtained, whether a material uncertainty
exists related to events or conditions that may cast significant doubt on the Entity’s
ability to continue as a going concern. If we conclude that a material uncertainty
exists, we are required to draw attention in our auditor’s report to the related
disclosures in the financial statements or, if such disclosures are inadequate, to modify
our opinion. Our conclusions are based on the audit evidence obtained up to the date of
our auditor’s report. However, future events or conditions may cause the Entity to
cease to continue as a going concern.
- Evaluate the overall presentation, structure and content of the financial statements,
including the disclosures, and whether the financial statements represent the
underlying transactions and events in a manner that achieves fair presentation.
We communicate with those charged with governance regarding, among other matters, the
planned scope and timing of the audit and significant audit findings, including any significant
deficiencies in internal control that we identify during our audit.
Chartered Professional Accountants, Licensed Public Accountants
June 7, 2022
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements.
Statement of Financial Position
|Cash||$ 5,066,009||$ 5,650,599|
|Investments (Note 2)||2,027,590||2,027,615|
|Capital assets (Note 3)||1,227,849||1,087,333|
|$ 8,661,532||$ 9,093,344|
|Liabilities and Net Assets|
|Accounts payable and accrued liabilities||$ 393,992||$ 337,951|
|Deferred revenue (Note 4)||606,732||836,890|
|Deferred capital contributions (Note 5)||24,009||29,523|
|Commitments (Note 6)|
|$ 8,661,532||$ 9,093,344|
On behalf of the Board:
Statement of Changes in Net Assets
|For the year ended March 31||2022||2021|
|Balance, beginning of year||$ 7,888,980||$ 8,504,306|
|Excess of expenses over revenue for the year||(252,181)||(615,326)|
|Balance, end of year||$ 7,636,799||$ 7,888,980|
Statement of Operations
|For the year ended March 31||2022||2021|
|Revenue (Page 7)||$ 5,298,919||$ 4,472,473|
|Expenses (Page 7)||5,629,496||5,186,120|
|Excess of expenses over revenue before interest
and other income
|Interest and other income||78,396||99,177|
|Gain (loss) on disposal of capital assets||–||(856)|
|Excess of expenses over revenue for the year||$ (252,181)||$ (615,326)|
Schedule of Revenue and Expenses
|For the year ended March 31||2022||2021|
|Province of Ontario transfer payment (Note 7)||$ 3,000,000||$ 3,000,000|
|Province of Ontario transfer payment – First Nations||226,431||180,671|
|$ 5,298,919||$ 4,472,473|
|Advertising and promotion||$ 22,992||$ 26,733|
|Amortization of capital assets, net||224,115||243,032|
|Audit and legal||15,450||19,000|
|Bank and payroll charges||12,607||11,806|
|Employee benefits (Note 9)||766,775||679,909|
|Ontario Infrastructure and Lands Corporation transfer payment||191,999||–|
|Repairs and maintenance||64,398||81,852|
|Subscriptions and memberships||19,057||16,323|
|Website and communications||25,148||28,353|
|$ 5,629,496||$ 5,186,120|
Statement of Cash Flows
|For the year ended March 31||2022||2021|
|Net inflow (outflow) of cash related to the following activities:|
|Excess of expenses over revenue||$ (252,181)||$ (615,326)|
|Items not involving cash:|
|Amortization of capital assets, net||224,115||243,032|
|Loss on disposal of capital assets||–||856|
|Changes in non-cash working capital balances (Note 8)||(186,404)||(149,050)|
|Purchase of investments and interest reinvested||–||(2,035,022)|
|Redemption of investments||25||2,087,417|
|Acquisition of capital assets||(370,145)||(234,263)|
|Net decrease in cash during the year||(584,590)||(702,356)|
|Cash, beginning of year||5,650,599||6,352,955|
|Cash, end of year||$ 5,066,009||$ 5,650,599|
Notes to Financial Statements
March 31, 2022
1. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
|Nature and Purpose
The Walkerton Clean Water Centre is an operational service agency of
the Province of Ontario and was established on October 1, 2004 under
the authority of The Development Corporation Act.
In accordance with the act, the Centre’s objects are to:
a) Coordinate and deliver training for drinking water system owners,
operators and operating authorities.
b) Provide advice to the Minister of the Environment, Conservation
and Parks on high-priority research to achieve safe drinking water.
c) Sponsor drinking water research within the Centre’s mandate.
d) Make technical, scientific and regulatory information related to
making safe drinking water more readily available including
information about the statutory standard of care.
The Centre is exempt from Federal and Provincial income taxes.
|Basis of Presentation||
The financial statements of the Centre have been prepared in
accordance with Canadian public sector accounting standards for
government not-for-profit organizations, including the 4200 series of
standards, as issued by the Public Sector Accounting Board (PSAB for
|Cash and Cash
Cash and cash equivalents consist of cash on hand, bank balances and
guaranteed investment certificates with a duration of less than 90
days from the date of acquisition.
Purchased capital assets are recorded at cost. Contributed capital
assets are recorded at the estimated fair market value upon donation.
Labour and benefit expenses directly attributable to internally
developed course curriculums are capitalized accordingly.
Amortization is based on the estimated useful life of the asset and is
calculated with a half year provision as follows:
Transfer payments are recognized when the amount is known,
collectability is reasonably assured and stipulations have been met.
Revenue from training registrations is recognized when payment is
receivable and the course has been completed. Interest revenue is
recognized as it is earned over the period of investment. Donation
revenue is recognized once the Centre has possession of the goods
Restricted transfer payments for the purchase of capital assets are
deferred and amortized into revenue at a rate corresponding with the
amortization rate for the related capital assets.
The Centre classifies its financial instruments as either fair value or
amortized cost. The Centre’s accounting policy for each category is as
The category includes cash and investments that are quoted in an
active market. They are initially recognized at cost and subsequently
carried at fair value. Changes in fair value are recognized in the
statement of remeasurement gains and losses until they are realized,
when they are transferred to the statement of operations.
Transaction costs related to financial instruments in the fair value
category are expensed as incurred.
When a decline in fair value is determined to be other than
temporary, the amount of the loss is removed from accumulated
remeasurement gains and losses and recognized in the statement of
operations. On sale, the amount held in accumulated remeasurement
gains and losses associated with that instrument is removed from net
assets and recognized in the statement of operations.
This category includes accounts receivable, and accounts payable and
accrued liabilities. They are initially recognized at cost and
subsequently carried at amortized cost using the effective interest
rate method, less any impairment losses on financial assets.
Transaction costs related to financial instruments in the amortized
cost category are added to the carrying value of the instrument.
Writedowns on financial assets in the amortized cost category are
recognized when the amount of a loss is known with sufficient
precision, and there is no realistic prospect of recovery. Financial
assets are then written down to net recoverable value with the
writedown being recognized in the statement of operations.
|Use of Estimates||
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with PSAB for
Government NPOs requires management to make estimates and
assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities,
the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the
financial statements, and the reported amounts of revenues and
expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from
these estimates. Areas of key estimation include determination of the
allowance for doubtful accounts, estimated useful life of capital
assets, and impairment of curriculum rights.
|Royal Bank of Canada GIC, 1.67%, due June 2023||$ 2,027,590||$ 2,027,615|
3. Capital Assets
|Computer equipment||$ 303,690||$ 244,474||$ 296,394||$ 217,345|
|Office furniture and
|$ 5,747,399||$ 4,519,550||$ 5,377,253||$ 4,289,920|
|Net book value||$ 1,227,849||$ 1,087,333|
|During the year capital assets amounting to $370,145 (2021 – $234,263) were acquired by
the centre. All of this amount was acquired by the means of cash.
4. Deferred Revenue
|Balance, beginning of year||$ 410,088||$ 426,802||$ 836,890||$ 916,282|
|Recognized in year||(226,431)||(426,802)||(653,233)||(491,473)|
|$ 183,657||$ 423,075||$ 606,732||$ 836,890|
The First Nations Grant is from the Ministry of the Environment, Conservation and Parks.
This payment is to be tracked separately and used for the training of First Nation
The deferred training registrations are money that has been received for courses that will
take place in a later fiscal year.
5. Deferred Capital Contributions
Deferred capital contributions represent restricted contributions received for the purchase
of depreciable capital assets. These contributions are recognized as a reduction of
amortization expense on the statement of operations calculated on a diminishing balance
basis consistent with the amortization rate of the related class of assets.
Changes in the deferred capital contributions balance during the year are as follows:
|Balance, beginning of year||$ 29,523||$ 36,328|
|Amortization of contributions||(5,514)||(6,805)|
|Balance, end of year||$ 24,009||$ 29,523|
Walkerton Clean Water Centre has entered into two operating leases for equipment. The
first lease will end in October of 2023 and has monthly payments of $96. The second lease
will end November 2023 and has monthly payments of $31. Further, the Centre has
entered into a lease agreement with Ontario Infrastructure and Lands Corporation. This
lease will end March 2023 and has monthly lease payments of $56,908 until June 30, 2022,
and then payments of $56,688 until March 31, 2023.
The minimum annual lease payments on the building and equipment for the next two fiscal
years are as follows:
7. Transfer Payments
During the year, the Centre was granted $3,000,000 (2021 – $3,000,000) in transfer
payments from the Province of Ontario.
8. Statement of Cash Flows
The change in non-cash working capital balances is made up as follows:
|Accounts receivable||$ (32,594)||$ (82,358)|
|Accounts payable and accrued liabilities||56,041||24,724|
|$ (186,404)||$ (149,050)|
9. Pension Plan
The Centre provides pension benefits for all its full-time employees through participation
in the Public Service Pension Plan which is a multi-employer defined benefit pension plan
administered by the Ontario Pension Board. This plan is accounted for as defined
contribution plan, as the Centre has insufficient information to apply defined benefit
accounting to the plan. The Centre’s contribution related to the pension plan for the
period was $261,834 (2021 – $215,518) and is included in employee benefits in the
statement of revenue and expenditures. As this is a multi-employer pension plan, these
contributions are the Centre’s pension benefit expenses. No pension liability for this type
of plan is included in the Centre’s financial statements. As of December 31, 2021, the
Public Service Pension Plan had a year end deficit of $852 million (2020 – $3.46 billion) per
their audited financial statements.
10. Financial Instrument Risk Management
The Centre is exposed to various risks through its financial instruments. The following
analysis provides a measure of the Centre’s risk exposure and concentrations as at March
Credit risk is the risk of financial loss to the Centre if a debtor fails to make payments of
interest and principal when due. The Centre is exposed to this risk relating to its cash and
accounts receivable. The Centre holds its cash accounts with federally regulated chartered
banks who are insured by the Canadian Deposit Insurance Corporation. In the event of
default, the Walkerton Clean Water Centre cash accounts are insured up to $100,000
(2021 – $100,000).
Market risk is the risk that the fair value of future cash flows of a financial instrument will
fluctuate as a result of market factors. Market factors include three types of risk: interest
rate risk, currency risk, and equity risk. The Centre is not exposed to significant currency
risk or equity risk as it does not transact materially in foreign currency or hold significant
equity financial instruments.
Interest Rate Risk
Interest rate risk is the potential for financial loss caused by fluctuations in fair value or
future cash flows of financial instruments because of changes in market interest rates.
The Centre is exposed to this risk through its interest bearing investments.
At March 31, 2022, a 1% fluctuation in interest rates, with all other variables held constant,
would have an estimated impact on the fair value of the guaranteed investment
certificates of $20,000 (2021 – $20,000).
Liquidity risk is the risk that the Centre will not be able to meet all cash outflow
obligations as they come due. The Centre mitigates this risk by monitoring cash activities
and expected outflows through extensive budgeting and maintaining investments that may
be converted to cash in the near-term if unexpected cash outflows arise.
There have been no significant changes from the previous year in the exposure to risk or
policies, procedures and methods used to measure the risk.
COVID-19 had a devastating effect on the global economy in fiscal year 2020-2021 and this
continued into 2021-2022 and the Centre was not completely immune. The Centre’s
mandate primarily requires hands-on training throughout the province. Not only were
hands-on sessions extremely limited by provincial and local health orders, but travel to the
many training locations within the province was also curtailed. The restrictions resulted in
some revenue losses which flowed to the bottom line. Restrictions were eased throughout
the current fiscal year and have since been completely lifted.